The NAQI Aero Speed Gel uses vortex generators to enhance the turbulence in the boundary layer of the air flow across certain parts of a cyclist.
These enhanced turbulences lead to later flow separation and a corresponding smaller wake and lower drag.
Extensive wind tunnel testing showed a drag reduction of almost 4% when used on only the legs of a cyclist.
When also applied to the shoulder and arms of a triathlete a reduction in drag of almost 6% was obtainable.
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(3) Alam, Firoz & Chowdhury, Harun & Moria, Hazim & Mazumdar, Himani & Subic, Aleksandar. (2010). An experimental study of golf ball aerodynamics. 1-4. Proceedings of the 13th Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics 17-21 December 2010, Dhaka, Bangladesh
(4) Drag of a sphere, NASA, https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/K-12/airplane/dragsphere.html
(5) zgoren, Muammer & Dogan, Sercan & Okbaz, Abdulkerim & Sahin, Besir & Akilli, Huseyin. (2011). Investigation of surface roughness on the flow structure around a shere. Ankara international aerospace conference. September 2011
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(7) Crouch, Timothy N.; Burton, David; LaBry, Zach A. and Blair, Kim B. "Riding Against the Wind: a Review of Competition Cycling Aerodynamics." Sports Engineering (May 2017)
First Author - Nikolaas Van Riet, cycling aerodynamics consultant, former head of the wind tunnel testing facility at Bike Valley, email@example.com
Second Author - Greet Claes, Head of research & development at NAQI, firstname.lastname@example.org